Canada is a large multicultural country in North America. It shares its major border to the south with the United States of America. After Russia, Canada is the second largest country in the world.
The land now called Canada has been inhabited for millennia by various Aboriginal peoples. Beginning in the late 15th century, British and French colonies were established on the region’s Atlantic coast. As a consequence of various conflicts, the United Kingdom gained and lost North American territories until left, in the late 18th century, with what mostly comprises Canada today. Pursuant to the British North America Act, on July 1, 1867, three colonies joined to form the autonomous federal Dominion of Canada. This began an accretion of provinces and territories to the new self-governing Dominion. In 1931, Britain granted Canada near total independence with the Statute of Westminster 1931 and full sovereignty was attained when the Canada Act 1982 severed the vestiges of legal dependence on the British parliament.
Canada is big. The best way to get around the country is by air. Air Canada is the main national carrier, but for travel between major centres, discount carriers like WestJet and CanJet might have better fares. In general, airports are poorly connected to public transportation and railway transportation; expect to leave airports by road on a rental car, taxi or a privately operated bus.
You can also travel between most cities in Canada, small and large, by bus. Greyhound Canada (http://www.greyhound.ca/) provides much of the service, with smaller operators covering local routes. For some popular tourist routes, guided bus tours are also available. Of course, many people choose to rent a car. Although somewhat expensive if you are travelling alone, this can be an economically reasonable alternative if you are sharing the costs with others. However, beware of the high surcharges associated with dropping off the car at a different location than where it was picked up.
Passenger rail service in Canada, although very safe and comfortable, is often an expensive and inconvenient alternative to other types of transport. The corridor between Windsor and Quebec City is a bit of an exception to this generalization. Also, if natural beauty is your thing, the approximately three-day train ride between Toronto and Vancouver passes through the splendour of the Canadian prairies and the Rocky Mountains, with domed observation cars to allow passengers to take in the magnificent views.
Travellers planning to travel by train may find making arrangements ahead of time is advisable in order to find lower fares.VIA Rail is the main Canadian passenger rail company.
Hostels in Canada
Algonquin Park Banff Big White Caledonia Calgary Cape Breton Island Cardigan Charlottetown Chicoutimi Churchill Digby Dunham Edmonton Fernie Forillon National Park Golden Halifax Hamilton Huntsville Invermere Jasper Kamloops Kananaskis Kelowna Lansdowne Lawrencetown Lead Cove London Mahone Bay Matane Mont-Tremblant Montreal Nanaimo Nelson Niagara Falls Nordegg Ottawa Pemberton Penticton Perce Port Alberni Port Hardy Prince George Prince Rupert Quebec Radium Hot Springs Regina Revelstoke Rimouski Riviere-du-Loup Saint John New Brunswick Saint-Antonin Sainte-Anne-Des-Monts Sault Ste. Marie Sherbrooke Sointula Squamish St. Catharines St. John’s Temiscouata Tofino Toronto Trois-Rivieres Ucluelet Vancouver Vancouver Island Vernon Victoria Ville-Marie Whistler Whitehorse
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