The Great Wall


The Great Wall of China ( Pinyin: Chángchéng), also known in China as the Great Wall of 10,000 Li¹ ( Pinyin: Wànli ( Chángchéng), is an ancient Chinese fortification built from the end of the 14th century until the beginning of the 16th century, during the Ming Dynasty, in order to protect China from raids by the Mongols. It was preceded by several walls built since the 3rd century BC against the raids of nomadic tribes coming from areas now in modern day Mongolia and Manchuria.
The Wall stretches over a formidable 6,700 km, from Shanhai Pass on the Bohai Gulf in the east, at the limit between China proper and Manchuria, to Jiayu Pass in western Gansu province in the west, at the limit of the Gobi Desert and the oases of the Silk Road.

The Wall was made a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987.

 In 1938, Richard Halliburton’s Second Book of Marvels stated that the Great Wall is the only man-made object that can be seen from the moon. This statement has persisted, assuming urban legend status and sometimes entering textbooks. If taken to mean that the Great Wall can be seen with the unaided eye from the distance of the moon, it is untrue.


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